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Kidney Stones in Children and what to do

Kidney stone in children

Kidney stones develop when minerals and other materials collect and form in small stones. You can feel pain, or it can block the urine flow. When a person leaves the kidney stone untreated, it may result in a chronic kidney problem.

A recent survey reveals that kidney stones are less common in kids than adults. In many cases, kidney stones develop in children for unknown reasons.

Let’s find out how the stone is developed in the kidneys.

Your urinary tract consists of the ureters, a bladder, urethra, and two bean-shaped kidneys. When your urine substances are at high levels, it forms in kidney stones. These substances include cysteine, uric acid, oxalate, calcium, etc.

But studies say that kidney stones form in children without collection of substance in urine. Pediatric nephrologists say that it is crucial to understand what the kidney stone is made up of as it helps its treatment.

Researchers from pessi hospital say that kidney size in millimeters passes on their own. Small stones pass through the urine. When the stone is large, it can block the urinary tract and cause pain.

Signs If You Have Kidney Stones

If your child has developed kidney stones, you need to notice the following symptoms:

  • Blood in the urine
  • Pain in the belly
  • Back pain
  • Frequent urine or rush to the bathroom to urinate

It might be possible that your young child does not show any sign of kidney stones. A doctor can ask for imaging tests like X-ray and ultrasound. Some urinary tract infections also cause the same symptoms as kidney stones do.

What does History say About The Risk Factors Of Kidney Stones?

Certain factors can put your kids at risk. Parents should learn about such facts so they can prevent them from kidney stones.

  • When Your Child Does Not Drink Enough Water or Liquid

Water is important for overall body health. You should take notice of how much your kid drinks water. It depends on the urine your body makes. When there is a small amount of urine, it increases the chance of the formation of the urine substances.

  • Side Effect of Medicines

Some medicines can cause some side effects to your body and increase the risk of forming crystals in the urine. For example, your child takes high vitamin V, acetazolamide, and furosemide. You should consult with the doctor about what medicines your children should take.

How Doctors Diagnose Kidney Stones?

Parenting is not an easy task, but learning about potential symptoms can help you deal with such issues. Your doctor will do an exam and ask for a urine test. Imaging tests like x-rays and a scan can help to diagnose the size of the stone that can block the urine.

  • Home Treatments for Kidney Stones 

Kidney stones smaller in size (smaller than 5 millimeters) pass on their own and do not require any treatment. Such small stones also do not cause any pain.

Ibuprofen can help to deal with pain in your children. To pass the stone, children must drink more fluids so it can make the stone flush out.

  • Medical Treatment 

When you notice the reduction in urine flow in your children, you need to get medical help as soon as possible. The collection of substances form a stone that blocks the urinary tract.

When your child tells you about the uncontrollable pain or your kid starts vomiting.

I remember how my cousin suffered from severe pain, but he got treated by one of the best pediatric nephrologists in Islamabad. Your doctor may use shock wave lithotripsy, percutaneous nephrolithotomy, and ureteroscopy treatment but treatment depends on the condition and stone size of your child.

To prevent kidney stones, you should make your child drink more fluids.

Conclusion 

When your child starts to eat solid food, you should feed them fresh fruits and veggies. Leafy greens and fluids help a lot to prevent kidney stones and provide natural nutrients to the body.

 

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Prevent Yourself from Getting Dengue: Symptoms, Treatment of Mosquito-Borne Diseases

The year 2019 recorded 48 lives being claimed due to dengue by mid-October. More than 67,000 individuals had been diagnosed with the ailment, as has been reported by the National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme (NVBDCP.) These numbers reflect how the ailment has become one of the biggest health concerns across the country. The endemic conditions of the disease can be attributed to the hot and humid climate of India, suitable as breeding grounds for the Aedes aegypti mosquito. This breed of mosquito is the root cause vector of dengue fever that might turn fatal if dengue fever symptoms are not treated at the earliest.

One of the primary steps to deal with dengue is to identify its symptoms and avail the correct medical measures.

Dengue symptoms

Dengue still continues to have a global impact, affecting approximately 390 million individuals each year. The dengue fever symptoms may vary as per the stage of disease.

  1. Typical symptoms

The initial dengue symptoms are mild and can be treated without much hassle if diagnosed at the earliest. It comprises –

  • Joint pain.
  • High fever.
  • Lower WBC count.
  • Severe headache.
  • Mild gum or nose bleeding.
  • Severe eye pain.
  • Easy bruising.
  • Bone and/or muscle pain.
  1. Dangerous symptoms

Considering that the infection gets complicated, the symptoms vary –

  • Vomiting blood.
  • Difficulty in breathing.
  • Severe abdominal blood.
  • Pale, clammy, and cold skin.
  • Patches or red spots on skin.
  • Drowsiness or irritability.

Irrespective of whether the symptoms are that of mild or severe dengue infection, it is imperative to approach for medical treatment immediately. Considering that the expenses to avail such treatments can be substantial, you can opt for a Dengue Insurance Cover offered by Bajaj Finserv under its Pocket Insurance & Subscriptions. This insurance plan covers the expenses related to medication and hospitalisation charges against a minimal premium of Rs.299 per annum. Such covers bring with it the convenience of multiple payment options that include –

  • Credit or debit cards.
  • Online account transfers.
  • Mobile Wallets, etc.

While such insurance plans cover the financial aspect for the treatment of the disease, it’s essential to have a comprehensive idea about the treatment procedure as well.

Treatment of dengue fever

As of yet, there is no given dengue treatment procedure considering that cures are specific to the cases. Doctors often recommend higher liquid intake to prevent dehydration from high fever and vomiting.

However, in case of severe dengue infection, individuals would need to opt for –

  1. Supportive care in hospital.
  2. Regular blood pressure monitoring.
  3. IV fluid and electrolyte replacement.
  4. Blood transfusion.

Such thorough medical treatment needs individuals to approach efficient healthcare options. While this ensures suitable treatment, availing them often involves high-end expenditures. Such financial requirements are well met by a hospital cash cover insurance policy that comes with an easy application process, coupled with an adequate sum insured. It makes the insurance cover an ideal way to deal with regular expenses while undergoing treatment at a hospital.

While dengue fever symptoms can be treated well with proper medical care, preventing the disease from occurring would be the best approach. Along these lines, it is essential to adhere by a few tips to prevent the disease.

Dengue fever prevention tips

Dengue can be avoided considering that individuals adopt a few healthy measures that include –

  • Wearing long-sleeved clothes to ensure the least skin exposure.
  • Use mosquito nets, screens, window-nets to prevent the mosquito from entering the room.
  • Emptying items that hold water in the surroundings to act as a breeding ground of mosquitoes, or the causes of dengue.
  • Use mosquito-repellents.

With such tips in practice, the chances of being affected by mosquito-related diseases like dengue are narrowed down. However, dengue is not the only monsoon disease that an individual should be aware of. With increased chances of falling sick or getting into accidents during the monsoon, owing to an escalated presence of bacteria and viruses, it is even advisable to have a monsoon insurance cover in place. Prevention starts with taking necessary precautions, which now should include a comprehensive health insurance policy.